Monday, September 29, 2014
Sunday, September 28, 2014
Skeletal dysplasia is a group of rare diseases that afflict skeletal growth through abnormalities in bone and cartilage. Its onset hits at the fetal stage and is caused by genetic mutations. A mutation in the gene encoding fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) has been associated with two types of skeletal dysplasia, thanatophoric dysplasia (TD), a skeletal dysplasia that cause serious respiratory problems at birth and is often lethal, and achondroplasia (ACH), which causes stunted growth and other complications throughout life. Several experimental treatments have been considered, but none are commercially available.
The need for new drug compounds that can combat skeletal dysplasia has led the Noriyuki Tsumaki group at CiRA, Kyoto University, to consider iPS cell technology. In a joint study with Associate Professor Hideaki Sawai of Hyogo College of Medicine and Team Leader Shiro Ikegawa of RIKEN, Professor Tsumaki's team screened molecules based on their ability to rescue TD-iPSCs from degraded cartilage. Molecules known to affect FGFR3 signaling and/or the metabolism of chondrocytes, the cells responsible for growing cartilage, were identified as good candidates. More importantly, so too were statins, a class of drugs renown for their action against cholesterol and investigated because they have anabolic and protective effects on chondrocytes.
The authors used iPS cells generated from the fibroblasts of both healthy individuals (WT-iPSC) and TD patients (TD-iPSC). Chondrocytes differentiated from TD-iPSC produced less cartilage than those from WT-iPSC and also had a lower proliferation rate and greater apoptosis, properties that were attributed to a gain of function by the mutated FGFR3. Adding statin recovered the cartilage formation in TD-iPSC and increased the proliferation rate. Coincidently, the group observed increased expressions of SOX9, a chondrocytic transcription factor, and of COL2A1 and ACAN, two cartilage extracellular components, all of which are down-regulated in TD patients. Moreover, statin treatment was found to accelerate the degradation of the FGFR3 protein in chondrogenically differentiated TD-iPSC, a process inhibited in TD cases.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 11:43 AM
Wednesday, September 24, 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Cerdelga (eliglustat) for the long-term treatment of adult patients with the Type 1 form of Gaucher disease, a rare genetic disorder.
Gaucher disease occurs in people who do not produce enough of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. The enzyme deficiency causes fatty materials to collect in the spleen, liver and bone marrow. The major signs of Gaucher disease include liver and spleen enlargement, low red blood cell counts (anemia), low blood platelet counts and bone problems.
Cerdelga is a hard gelatin capsule containing eliglustat that is taken orally. In patients with Gaucher disease Type 1, the drug slows down the production of the fatty materials by inhibiting the metabolic process that forms them. Type 1 Gaucher disease is estimated to affect about 6,000 people in the United States.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 6:52 AM
Tuesday, September 23, 2014
In continuation of my update on Ellipta (fluticasone furoate)
GlaxoSmithKline plc announced that the Food and Drug Administration has approved Arnuity Ellipta (fluticasone furoate inhalation powder), a once-daily inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) medicine for maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy in patients aged 12 years and older. Arnuity is not indicated for relief of acute bronchospasm
Posted by dr.umesh l at 6:47 AM
Monday, September 22, 2014
ViiV Healthcare announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Triumeq (abacavir 600mg (below-Ist), dolutegravir (below -IInd) 50mg and lamivudine (below IIIrd respectively) 300mg) tablets for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Triumeq is ViiV Healthcare’s first dolutegravir-based fixed-dose combination, offering many people living with HIV the option of a single-pill regimen that combines the integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) dolutegravir, with the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) abacavir and lamivudine.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 7:16 AM
Friday, September 19, 2014
In continuation with my update on Movantik(naloxegol)
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Movantik(naloxegol), an oral treatment for opioid-induced constipation in adults with chronic non-cancer pain.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 7:56 AM
Pfizer Inc. today announced it has completed the submission of a New Drug Application (NDA) to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for palbociclib. This NDA requests FDA approval of palbociclib, in combination with letrozole, for the treatment of postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor positive (ER+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer who have not received previous systemic treatment for their advanced disease. The submission is based on the final results of PALOMA-1, a randomized, Phase 2 trial comparing palbociclib plus letrozole versus letrozole alone in this population of patients.
Palbociclib received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the FDA in April 2013, for the first-line systemic treatment of women with advanced or metastatic ER+, HER2- breast cancer. This designation was based on interim data from the PALOMA-1 trial.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 6:57 AM
FDA Grants Amgen Priority Review Designation For Ivabradine For The Treatment Of Chronic Heart Failure
Amgen announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted priority review designation for ivabradine for the treatment of chronic heart failure (HF). Ivabradine is an oral drug that inhibits the If current ("funny" current) in the sinoatrial node, the body's cardiac pacemaker. Ivabradine works to slow the heart rate without negative effects on myocardial contractility or ventricular repolarization. Heart failure is a common condition that affects approximately 26 million worldwide, including approximately 5.1 million people in the U.S.
Thursday, September 18, 2014
In continuation of my update on Apixaban (BMS-562247-01, tradename Eliquis)
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company and Pfizer Inc. announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a Supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for Eliquis for the treatment of DVT and PE, and for the reduction in the risk of recurrent DVT and PE following initial therapy. Combined, DVT and PE are known as VTE. It is estimated that every year, approximately 900,000 Americans are affected by DVT and PE.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 2:35 PM
Tuesday, September 16, 2014
Actavis plc (NYSE: ACT) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for filing Actavis' New Drug Application (NDA) for eluxadoline, an investigational drug for the treatment of diarrhea and abdominal pain in men and women with diarrhea predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-D). Actavis' NDA for eluxadoline has been granted priority review status by the FDA.
Posted by dr.umesh l at 9:44 PM