Showing posts sorted by relevance for query dexamethasone. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query dexamethasone. Sort by date Show all posts

Saturday, December 17, 2011

Drug combination highly effective for newly diagnosed myeloma patients......

A three-drug combination treatment for the blood cancer multiple myeloma compares favorably to the best established therapy for newly diagnosed patients, according to a multi-center study led by Andrzej Jakubowiak, MD, PhD, professor of medicine and director of the multiple myeloma program at the University of Chicago Medical Center.

( Carfilzomib)


( Thalidomide)

The combination includes an investigational medicine called carfilzomib combined with two standard medications: lenalidomide, an analogue of thalidomide, and low-dose dexamethasone, an anti-inflammatory with anti-cancer properties.

"This combination appears to deliver everything we expected and more," said Jakubowiak, who came to the University of Chicago this fall from the University of Michigan. "We have seen excellent efficacy — the best reported to date — without the neurotoxicity that has been problematic with other drug combinations."

Ref :

Saturday, August 11, 2012

Three-drug regimen provides rapid, durable responses for multiple myeloma

In continuation of my update on three drug combination
A three-drug treatment for the blood cancer multiple myeloma provided rapid, deep and potentially durable responses, researchers report today online in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, and yesterday, Sunday, June 3, 2012, at the American Society of Clinical Oncology's Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL, USA.

The researchers, led by Andrzej J. Jakubowiak, MD, PhD, professor of medicine and director of the multiple myeloma program at the University of Chicago Medical Center, found that combining carfilzomib, a next generation proteasome inhibitor, with two standard drugs -- lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone compared favorably to other frontline regimens.
The longer patients stayed on the therapy, the better their response. After at least eight 28-day cycles of treatment, 61 percent of the 36 patients who remained on the therapy had a stringent complete response, defined as no detectable tumor cells or myeloma protein in the blood or bone marrow; 78 percent had at least a near complete response. More than 90 percent of patients had no progression of their disease at two years.
"These rapid and durable response rates are higher than those achieved by the best established regimens for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma," said Jakubowiak. "We have observed excellent efficacy, the best reported to date, and very good tolerability, including limited peripheral neuropathy that has been problematic with other drug combinations."

 Ref :

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Combination of bortezomib and panobinostat shows promise against advanced multiple myeloma

In co\continuation of  my update on Bortezomib...

A phase 2 clinical trial has shown that pairing bortezomib with an experimental drug, panobinostat: Panobinostat is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, a type of drug that blocks key processes involved in gene expression and protein degradation. Panobinostat clogs up a protein disposal mechanism in myeloma cells so that harmful byproducts accumulate and eventually cause programmed cell death.(see below structure), may be a promising new treatment for such patients, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers say.

 The PANORAMA 2 trial included 53 patients with relapsed multiple myeloma who had undergone multiple rounds of prior treatment and, in more than half, also stem cell transplant. The researchers reported on 44 patients receiving the panobinostat-bortezomib-dexamethasone combination.

Results showed that in the first phase of the treatment, 9 of the patients had at least a partial response of their disease, and 2 of the 9 saw their myeloma almost disappear, a so-called near complete response. Another 7 patients experienced minimal response, which is also associated with clinical benefit. 

More :

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Selinexor Offers Hope Against a Tough-to-Treat Blood Cancer

In continuation of my update on Selinexor

Skeletal formula of selinexor

Patients with a form of blood cancer known as multiple myeloma who haven't responded to other therapies might have a new weapon against the disease, researchers say.
A drug called selinexor appeared to help patients with the blood and bone marrow cancer, according to a clinical trial involving 122 people.
"This study proved that a novel, first-in-class drug with a new mechanism of action can kill a patient's cancer cells," said study senior author Dr. Sundar Jagannath. He directs the multiple myeloma program at the Tisch Cancer Institute at Mount Sinai in New York City.
Selinexor also "worked in patients who had exhausted every other treatment and who would have been placed on hospice care otherwise," Jagannath said in a hospital news release.
In the trial, which was funded by the drug's maker, Karyopharm, patients at centers in the United States and Europe received a combination therapy of two pills, selinexor and the standard anti-cancer medicine dexamethasone.
As reported in the Aug. 22 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, nearly 40% of the patients showed at least a minimal response to the therapy within one or two months. There were "significant" responses in more than a quarter of the patients, the researchers said, and two patients had their cancers go into complete remission.
As the team explained, selinexor works in a new way to fight myeloma, blocking a key mechanism in cancer cell growth and causing the cell to die.
Although the drug caused no toxicity to organs, there were side effects for some patients. These included low blood counts without bleeding, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite or fatigue.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration had already approved selinexor in early July to treat patients with multiple myeloma resistant to multiple therapies.
"This study is meaningful for patients with multiple myeloma who haven't had success on multiple other therapies," said study first author Dr. Ajai Chari, director of clinical research in the multiple myeloma program at the Tisch Cancer Institute.
"An increasing number of patients have resistance to the standard drugs used in the treatment of multiple myeloma, and the overall survival in these patients is short, sometimes less than three months," Chari said in the news release.
One myeloma expert unconnected to the research was heartened by the findings.
The trial results are "cautiously positive and very encouraging," said hematologist Dr. Kanti Rai. He works in the CLL Research and Treatment Program at Northwell Health Cancer Institute in New Hyde Park, N.Y.
Rai noted that while newer drugs are helping many multiple myeloma patients, others are still left without viable treatment options.
"The need for better treatments is especially urgent for those patients who are elderly, have compromised functions of other vital organs, have had multiple chemotherapy regimens in the past and still have evidence of progressive disease," he explained. "For such patients, unfortunately, death seems imminent."
Rai called the advent of selinexor "a positive step forward for patients with myeloma who otherwise have no hope for the future."
For their part, the Tisch researchers said they are also assessing selinexor for treatment of multiple myeloma in combination with other approved multiple myeloma drugs, as well for treatment of other cancers such lymphoma and ovarian cancer.

Friday, September 18, 2015

ASCO 2015: AMGEN presents new data evaluating less-frequent dosing of kyprolis for multiple myeloma patients

KYPROLIS™ (carfilzomib)  Structural Formula Illustration

Amgen announced the initiation of the ARROW trial, a global Phase 3 study evaluating the benefit of Kyprolis®(carfilzomib) for Injection administered once-weekly with dexamethasone versus the current U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved twice-weekly administration schedule in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who have received prior treatment with bortezomib and an immunomodulatory agent (IMiD). The trial was initiated based on results from the Phase 1/2 CHAMPION study, which were presented (abstract no. 8527) at the 51stAnnual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) on Sunday, May 31 at 8:00 a.m. CT.

Results from the Phase 1 and 2 portions of CHAMPION were presented for 104 patients (Phase 1, n=15; Phase 2, n=89) with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who had received one to three prior treatment regimens at the determined maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 20/70 mg/m2. In the Phase 2 portion of the study, the overall response rate (ORR; defined as the percentage of patients achieving a partial response or better) was 77 percent. The clinical benefit rate (CBR; defined as the percentage of patients with minimal response or better) was 84 percent; the median time to response for patients who achieved a partial response or better was 1.6 months (range, 0.7-7.2); Kaplan-Meier median duration of response (DOR) was 15 months (95 percent CI 9-not estimable); and the Kaplan-Meier median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.6 months (95 percent CI 9.0-16.1).

Tuesday, May 8, 2018

FDA Approves Intravenous Formulation of Akynzeo (fosnetupitant/palonosetron) for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

Helsinn, a Swiss pharmaceutical group focused on building quality cancer care products, today announces that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the intravenous formulation of Akynzeo (NEPA, a fixed antiemetic combination of fosnetupitant, 235mg, and palonosetron, 0.25mg) as an alternative treatment option for patients experiencing CINV.

Skeletal formula of fosaprepitant     Palonosetron structure.svg

The FDA has approved Akynzeo IV (formulation of fosnetupitant first structure  and palonosetron second structure) in combination with dexamethasone in adults for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of highly emetogenic cancer chemotherapy. Akynzeo for injection has not been studied for the prevention of nausea and vomiting associated with anthracycline plus cyclophosphamide chemotherapy.
Oral Akynzeo was previously approved by the FDA as a fixed combination oral agent in 2014 for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of cancer chemotherapy, including, but not limited to, highly emetogenic chemotherapy. Akynzeo is an oral fixed combination of palonosetron and netupitant: palonosetron prevents nausea and vomiting during the acute phase and netupitant prevents nausea and vomiting during both the acute and delayed phase after cancer chemotherapy.
The bioequivalence of the IV with the oral formulation of netupitant was demonstrated and the safety of IV NEPA was established through a repeated dose safety study in cancer patients to potentially uncover adverse drug reactions that may appear during subsequent clinical practice. No anaphylactic and injection site reactions related to IV NEPA were reported in this study.
Currently a repeated dose safety study is ongoing in patients receiving anthracycline plus cyclophosphamide to further establish the safety profile in this setting.
The prevention of CINV has been refined in treatment guidelines over the past several decades. Currently the combination treatment of antiemetic medicines with different mechanisms of actions are recommended for the prevention of CINV.
The approval of Akynzeo in IV formulation will offer to US patients and healthcare providers an alternative route of administration of the only fixed antiemetic combination targeting two distinct CINV pathways in a single dose.
Riccardo Braglia, Helsinn Group Vice Chairman and CEO, commented: “The approval of the intravenous formulation of Akynzeo paves the way to bring this important therapeutic option to more patients in a new formulation, and we are delighted that we are now able to push ahead with launching this product in the United States in May 2018”

Tuesday, December 22, 2009

New three-drug combination for multiple myeloma ! ...

The regimen, known as RVD, combined the drugs Revlimid - (lenalidomide), Velcade - (bortezomib) and dexamethasone, which previously were found to be highly effective in multiple myeloma patients who had relapsed or no longer responded to first-line therapies.

Fifteen of the 35 newly diagnosed patients in the open-label phase 2 portion of the study subsequently underwent autologous (using their own blood-forming stem cells) transplants, a standard treatment for multiple myeloma and did very well.

For the entire group, after a median 19.3 months of follow up, the median time-to-progression (TTP) of the disease, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) had not yet been reached, according to the presentation. The estimated TTP and PFS at one year are 76 percent, and the estimated one-year overall survival is 100 percent, the results showed.

The more interesting part of the study is that the high response rate was not affected by the specific genetic characteristics of the patients' disease. Patients with so-called "adverse cytogenetics" are at higher risk for treatment failure and death, but in the current study the drug combination worked as well for them as it did in patients with more favorable cytogenetic features.

Except for the main adverse effect, peripheral neuropathy (numbness or pain in the extremities), which typically cleared up after dosages were lowered and the treatment was completed.

The combination has now gone into large phase 3 clinical trials, and the researchers think that this regimen has the potential to be a new standard of treatment in multiple myeloma....