Showing posts sorted by relevance for query bitter gourd. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query bitter gourd. Sort by date Show all posts

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Bitter gourd(Karela) leaves Medicinal uses

In continuation of my update on bitter gourd

Phytochemical constituents of Bitter gourd Leaves

Alkaloid, Flavonoids, Sterols, Terpenoids, Anthraquinones, Proteins and Phenols, glycosides including momordin, charantosides, glycosides, momordicosides, goyaglycosides and other terpenoid compounds that include momordicin-28, momordicinin, momordicilin, momordenol, and momordol.

Medicinal Uses of Bitter gourd Leaves

Bitter gourd leaves are used to treat variety of diseases such as diabetes, piles, respiratory ailments, cholera, viral diseases and skin eruptions. Below is listed few such time-tested home remedies. These are simple, reliable and inexpensive. Even modern studies also support these traditional treatments.
Take about six tablespoon of the chopped bitter gourd leaves and two glass of water. Boil leaves in water for approximately 15 minutes. Do not cover the vessel.
Allow it to cool and then strain. Drink 1/3 cup of it thrice a day.
This leaf decoction is found to be very effective in the management of diabetes type 2. On regular intake, this keeps blood sugar in control.
Common home remedy is to extract three teaspoonful juice from clean bitter melon leaves and mix this with a glassful of buttermilk. This should be taken every morning for about a month on empty stomach. Topically leaves paste can be applied over the haemorrhoids.
Cholera, diarrhoea
Intake of 10-15 ml juice of Karela leaves is useful in diarrhoea and early stage of cholera.
Asthma, bronchitis, common colds, pharyngitis
Bitter melon leaves paste is mixed with equal amounts of the paste of tulsi/Basil leaves.
This should be taken with honey each morning. This can also be taken as preventive medicine for respiratory problems.
  1. Drinking 10-15 ml juice of Karela leaves is beneficial in arthritis.
  2. Ascite (gastroenterological term for an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity)
  3. Extract 10-15 ml juice of leaves and add some honey and drink.
In Hepatitis, the leaves juice of bitter gourd is useful. Extract 10-15 ml juice of bitter gourd leaves and mix some big chebulic myroblan powder and drink.
Intestinal parasites, pox, measles, Pneumonia
Drinking 10-15 ml juice of Karela leaves is useful.
Boils, burns and other skin eruptions
The dried and powdered bitter gourd leaves can be applied topically on affected areas.
Burning sensation in hands and feet
Bitter gourd juice is applied topically in burning sensation in hands and feet.
Bitter melon leaves are good source of vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin B.

Saturday, February 27, 2010

Bitter melon (gourd) extract inhibits breast cancer cell proliferation.....

Momordica charantia (picture, source : wikipedia) is a tropical  and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown for edible fruit, which is among the most bitter of all vegetables. English names for the plant and its fruit include bitter melon or bitter gourd.  Extract of this vegetable is being popularized as a dietary supplement in Western Countries, since it is known to contain additional glycosides such as mormordin, vitamin C, carotenoids, flavanoids and polyphenols.

Momordica charantia has a non-nitrogenous neutral principle charantin (see structure  an insulin-like chemical that can lower blood sugar and cholesterol), and on hydrolysis gives glucose and a sterol.

Now researchers from Saint Louis University, have come up with an in interesting finding, i.e., bitter melon extract, a common dietary supplement, exerts a significant effect against breast cancer cell growth and may eventually become a chemopreventive agent against this form of cancer.

Previous research has shown Momordica charantia, to have hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects. Because of these effects, the extract is commonly used in folk medicines as a remedy for diabetes in locales such as India, China and Central America, as per  the claim by  researchers.

Using human breast cancer cells and primary human mammary epithelial cells in vitro, Dr. Ratna  Ray (Professor in the Department of Pathology at Saint Louis University) and colleagues found the bitter melon extract significantly decreased proliferation, of cell growth and division, and induced death in breast cancer cells. These early results offer an encouraging path for research into breast cancer. Researchers claim that, "this study may provide us with one more agent as an extract that could be used against breast cancer if additional studies hold true". 

Ray and colleagues are currently conducting follow-up studies using a number of cancer cell lines to examine the anti proliferative effect of the extract. They are also planning a preclinical trial to evaluate its chemopreventive efficacy by oral administration. Hope they come up with positive results.......

Ref : Dr. Ratna Ray, Cancer Research, 10.1158/0008-5472, February 23, 2010.