Showing posts with label Antibacterial. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Antibacterial. Show all posts

Tuesday, June 21, 2011

Sunday, May 8, 2011

New research shows honey fights drug-resistant germs

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

How honey kills bacteria..........

We know that, honey has antibiotic activity and has been used specially in burn injuries. Now researchers lead by Dr.Sebastian A.J. Zaat, of Department of Medical Microbiology at the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam, have come up with an explanation for this antibiotic activity of honey. This first explanation to explain how honey kills bacteria. Specifically, the research shows that bees make a protein that they add to the honey, called defensin-1, which could one day be used to treat burns and skin infections and to develop new drugs that could combat antibiotic-resistant infections.

"We have completely elucidated the molecular basis of the antibacterial activity of a single medical-grade honey, which contributes to the applicability of honey in medicine," said Dr. Sebastian A.J. Zaat...

To make the discovery, Dr. Zaat and colleagues investigated the antibacterial activity of medical-grade honey in test tubes against a panel of antibiotic-resistant, disease-causing bacteria. They developed a method to selectively neutralize the known antibacterial factors in honey and determine their individual antibacterial contributions. Ultimately, researchers isolated the defensin-1 protein, which is part of the honey bee immune system and is added by bees to honey. All bacteria tested, including Bacillus subtilis, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli, ciprofloxacin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, were killed by 10–20% (v/v) honey, whereas 40% (v/v) of a honey-equivalent sugar solution was required for similar activity.

After analysis, the scientists concluded that the vast majority of honey's antibacterial properties come from that protein. This information also sheds light on the inner workings of honey bee immune systems, which may one day help breeders create healthier and heartier honey bees.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

Rib-X Pharmaceuticals to demonstrate three presentations at Antibacterial Drug Development Conference

Rib-X Pharmaceuticals, Inc, is presenting three separate presentations at the Cambridge Healthtech Institute's 4th Annual Antibacterial Drug Development Conference, Resistance is Futile: The Challenge of Antibacterial Drug Development, April 27 - 28, in San Diego,

The presentations include overviews on radezolid (see below structure)  
delafloxacin  (see  right  structure) and the Company's proprietary platform for unlocking the bacterial ribosome, which has allowed for the design and generation of three novel classes of antibiotics that have been tuned for both multi-drug resistant Gram-negative and Gram-positive activity and have shown efficacy in multiple animal models of infection. 

Hope these results will  lead to relief from multi-drug–resistant infections (e.g., MRSA, uSSSI  and community acquired pneumonia,CAP).

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Thursday, December 10, 2009

MSRA can be stopped before it becomes dangerous ....

In continuation of my update on MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), I found the following info interesting.

C. Jeffrey Brinker research group has determined that the very first stage of staph infection, when bacteria switch from a harmless to a virulent form, occurs in a single cell and that this individual process can be stopped by the application of a simple protein (as against the belief that, staph infections are caused by many bacterial cells that signal each other to emit toxins. The signaling process is called quorum sensing). The most significant results from the researchers are :

1. isolation of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria in individual (isolation of an individual bacterium
previously had been achieved only computationally);

2. demonstration of release of signaling peptides from a single cell, not a quorum &

3. introduction of an inexpensive, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) to bind to the
messenger peptide, they stopped the single cell from reprogramming itself.

One aspect of experimental rigor was the team's ability to organize living cells into a nanostructured matrix. The researchers has already done it with yeast, and just extended the process to bacteria. Researchers are optimistic about finding a mechanism to locate bacteria reprogramming in the body so that the antidote can be delivered in time. If they achieve what they are optimistic, so there will selectivity of targeting the bacteria (human gastro-intestinal system contains many useful bacteria) which in my opinion will be a remarkable feat....

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Sunday, September 20, 2009

Monolaurin as a microbial agent ?

We know that Coconut oil contains about 40 to 55 percent lauric acid. Lauric acid is the main saturated fatty acid found in coconut fat and in palm kernel oil. Lauric acid is also known as n-dodecanoic acid, which is a saturated medium chain C12-fatty acid, hence the Greek name “dodeca”, meaning twelve. A certain biochemical derivative of lauric acid, monolaurin (see right structure), has proven to be anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-protozoal, both in vitro and in vivo experiments — and monolaurin can destroy lipid-coated viruses, including influenza. Lauric acid, however does not have these properties as strongly as monolaurin. When ingesting coconut oil, only a small percentage—an estimated 3%--of the lauric acid will be transformed by the body into the active monolauric acid. This has been shown to elevate the body’s overall immunity to some degree.

Though there were many companies selling this as a dietery suppliment, now monolaurin has been recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is known for its antimicrobial properties. If used in combination with other antimicrobial agents, monolaurin can present an effective barrier to microorganisms.

Thanx to the researchers from Zhejiang University in China, who studied the use of monolaurin as a nontraditional preservative in food products by combining it with commonly used antimicrobials in various concentrations and testing it on bacterial strains including Esherichia coli and on food components such as soy protein and water-soluble starch.

The findings are really interesting :

1. Monolaurin combined with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA),a binding agent, was effective against Esherichia coliand Bacillus subtilis but not Staphylococcus aureus.

2. When combined with the antimicrobial nisin, monolaurin was synergistically effective against all three bacteria.

3. Antibacterial effectiveness was reduced by fat or starch but was not affected by protein.

Congrats for this achievement...

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