Monday, February 22, 2010

Researchers able to predict and reverse resistance to Sunitinib treatment....

Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) researchers have found a way to  reverse resistance to Sunitinib (see structure), a treatment that is currently the first line of defense against clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), a deadly form of kidney cancer. Most patients who show a positive response to Sunitinib develop a resistance to the drug after one year of treatment.

Researchers lead by Dr. Teh, Bin Tean found that ccRCC tumor cells that had developed a resistance to Sunitinib had increased secretion of the protein interleukin-8 (IL-8). Administering Sunitinib and IL-8 neutralizing antibodies re-sensitized tumors to sunitinib treatment. Researchers also found that IL-8 may serve as a useful biomarker to predict patients' response to sunitinib treatment.

Interestingly,  another  study from same  group  of  Teh’s laboratory, looked into exactly how sunitinib works.  The study found that the treatment does not target tumor cells, but rather the tumor’s blood supply.

Researchers conclude that “it is now of critical importance to validate these findings in the clinical setting" and they hope that these insights will help to build upon recent advances to extend clinical benefits to more patients with metastatic kidney cancer....

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