Tuesday, January 12, 2010

Celecoxib reduces the risk of common skin cancer in humans.....

We know that Celecoxib   is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)  used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, painful menstruation and menstrual symptoms, and to reduce numbers of colon and rectum polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. It is marketed by Pfizer. It is known under the brand name Celebrex or Celebra for arthritis and Onsenal for polyps. Celecoxib is available by prescription in capsule form.

Researchers from UC-San Francisco and Children's Hospital Oakland,  (Dr. Tang was was an assistant professor at UC-San Francisco and Children’s Hospital Oakland  when the trial was conducted) have come up with very interesting results for the same drug. The drug can reduce the risk of a common skin cancer in humans. Though celecoxib, is associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke in some people, it's possible that topical application could have a safer, protective effect for people prone to developing the cancers, called basal cell carcinomas, the researcher believes.

For the current research, Tang and her colleagues capitalized on a previous finding suggesting that celecoxib, a NSAID, can inhibit the development of a different kind of skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, in mice. They wondered if the drug, sold by the pharmaceutical company Pfizer under the brand names Celebrex and Onsenal, would have a similar effect on the more common basal cell carcinoma.

Celecoxib is thought to work to prevent or slow cancer growth by interfering with the action of an enzyme called Cox-2, which causes tissue inflammation (pro inflammator). Celecoxib has both pain-killing (analgesic) and anti-inflammatory properties. Chronic inflammation has long been associated with the development of many types of cancer, and celecoxib has been shown in clinical trials to reduce the incidence of colon cancer in people with a genetic predisposition to the disease.

Interestingly, researchers stopped the clinical trials in 2003 (from 2001) when the study lead to high risk  of heart attack and stroke in patients taking a different NSAID. (RofecoxibVioxx by  Merck & Co. was withdrawn from the market by Merck in 2004  and Tang's trial was discontinued that year in response to ongoing concerns about long-term treatment with Cox-2 inhibitors). At that time, most participants had received about two years of drug treatment. No patient died or suffered adverse cardiovascular events due to their participation in the trial. Although drug treatment had been discontinued, the researchers continued to monitor basal cell carcinoma formation in people who had received the drug or placebo for an additional year to complete the three-year study. They found that, although both groups continued to develop new cancers during the study, oral celecoxib treatment decreased the growth of skin tumors by about 50 percent as compared to placebo in participants who entered the trial with 15 or fewer basal cell carcinomas. Celecoxib treatment also reduced the overall tumor burden in the  group of patients (where in the carcinomas are removed upon diagnosis in most people).

Now the lead researcher Dr. Tang is continuing her focus on skin cancer prevention at Stanford. She's currently investigating whether it's possible to develop a topical formulation of the drug that can be applied directly to the skin to achieve a similar protective effect without associated cardiovascular risk. Hope she will get positive results via topical formulation .....

In my opinion  its really a great achievement.We know that compounds with selective inhibitors of 5-LO (Lipoxygenase) and COX (Cyclooxegenase, that too COX-II) will be  the best NSAIDs without any ulcerogenecity, its good see that the  same compounds can be used to treat skin cancer....

Ref : http://med.stanford.edu/ism/2010/january/tang.html

3 comments:

skincare said...

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Medical Information said...

There are many types of skin cancer. Malignant Melanoma is very dangerous one. It is a type of cancer which originates on skin. It can appear as a mole. It is even found in younger age bracket. It appears in the leg for females and for males, it is found on chest or back area. Those who have dark skin tone, are less likely to develop melanoma. Immediately diagnosing is very important, else it can worsen the situation. If anyone observes symptoms of it, should consult to doctor immediately. For more information on it, refer Stages of melanoma

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