Thursday, December 24, 2009

Pyramidine core- a new drug for drug resistant non small cell lung cancers

Dana-Farber investigators hypothesized current agents lose their potency because they don't bind as tightly or fully to the EGFR T790M protein as they ideally should. To improve the fit, researchers led by chemical biologist Nathanael Gray, PhD, prepared a group of inhibitors with a different structural scaffold, known as a pyrimidine core, which, it was thought, would mesh more thoroughly. They lab-tested the agents in NSCLC cells with EGFR T90M and found several that were up to 100 times more potent than quinazolines [erlotinib (Tarceva), gefitinib (Iressa), and cetuximab (Erbitux)] in restricting cell growth. As an unexpected bonus, these compounds were nearly 100 times less powerful at slowing the growth of cells with normal EGFR, suggesting they would be less likely to produce side effects than current drugs. The agent which performed the best is the pyrimidine WZ4002. Those interested, can watch the video description (Pasi Jänne).

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