Showing posts with label previously Tomtovok and Tovok). Show all posts
Showing posts with label previously Tomtovok and Tovok). Show all posts

Thursday, August 8, 2013

Phase III trial shows afatinib offers clinical benefit to patients with EGFR mutation positive NSCLC

We know that, Afatinib (INN; trade name Gilotrif, previously Tomtovok and Tovok) is an approved drug against non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), developed by Boehringer Ingelheim As of July 2012, it is undergoing Phase III clinical trials for this indication and breast cancer, as well asPhase II trials for prostate and head and neck cancer, and a Phase I glioma trial. Afatinib is a first-line treatment
In October 2010 a Phase III trial in NSCLC patients called Lux-Lung 5 began with this drug. Fall 2010 interim results suggested the drug extendedprogression-free survival threefold compared to placebo, but did not extend overall survival. In May 2012, the Phase IIb/III trial Lux-Lung 1 came to the same conclusion.

Phase II results for breast cancer that over-expresses the protein human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2-positive breast cancer) were described as promising by the authors, with 19 of 41 patients achieving benefit from afatinib. Double-blind Phase III trials are under way to confirm or refute this finding. Her2-negative breast cancers showed limited or no response to the drug.

Mechanism of action :: Like lapatinib and neratinib, afatinib is a next generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that irreversibly inhibits human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinases. Afatinib is not only active against EGFR mutations targeted by first generation TKIs like erlotinib or gefitinib, but also against those not sensitive to these standard therapies. Because of its additional activity against Her2, it is investigated for breast cancer as well as other EGFR and Her2 driven cancers.