Showing posts with label Myelofibrosis. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Myelofibrosis. Show all posts

Saturday, January 25, 2020

FDA Approves Inrebic (fedratinib) for the Treatment of Patients With Myelofibrosis

Fedratinib structure.svg

Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG)  announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of  Inrebic (fedratinib) for the treatment of adult patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk primary or secondary (post-polycythemia vera or post-essential thrombocythemia) myelofibrosis.1
“The approval of Inrebic is another important milestone for Celgene and underscores our commitment to people living with blood cancers,” said Jay Backstrom, M.D., M.P.H., Chief Medical Officer for Celgene. “We are excited to provide Inrebic as a new treatment option that may be used in patients with myelofibrosis, including patients previously treated with ruxolitinib.”
“Myelofibrosis can cause patients to suffer in many ways, including experiencing debilitating symptoms,” said Ruben Mesa, M.D., FACP, Director of the Mays Cancer Center at UT Health San Antonio Cancer Center MD Anderson. “There has not been a new treatment approved for this disease in nearly a decade. With Inrebic, physicians and patients now have another option available for myelofibrosis.”
The Inrebic development program consisted of multiple studies (including JAKARTA and JAKARTA2) in 608 patients who received more than one dose (ranging from 30 mg to 800 mg),1 of whom 459 had myelofibrosis,1 including 97 previously treated with ruxolitinib.1 The JAKARTA study evaluated the efficacy and safety of once-daily oral doses of Inrebic compared with placebo in patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk, primary or secondary (post-polycythemia vera or post-essential thrombocythemia) myelofibrosis who were previously untreated with a JAK inhibitor, had enlarged spleens (a condition known as splenomegaly), and had a platelet count of ≥50 x 109/L (median baseline platelet count was 214 x 109/L; 16% <100 x 109/L and 84% ≥100 x 109/L).1,2 In the JAKARTA study, spleen volume was reduced by 35% or greater, when assessed from baseline to the end of cycle 6 (week 24), with a 4-week follow-up scan, in 37% (35 of 96) of patients treated with INREBIC 400 mg versus 1% (1 of 96) of patients who received placebo (p<0.0001).1 INREBIC also improved the Total Symptom Score as measured by the modified Myelofibrosis Symptoms Assessment Form (MFSAF) v2.0 diary2 (night sweats, itching, abdominal discomfort, early satiety, pain under ribs on left side, bone or muscle pain) by 50% or greater when assessed from baseline to the end of cycle 6 in 40% of (36 of 89) patients treated with 400 mg, versus 9% (7 of 81) of patients who received placebo (p<0.0001).1
Inrebic has a Boxed Warning for serious and fatal encephalopathy, including Wernicke’s. Serious encephalopathy was reported in 1.3% (8 of 608) of patients treated with Inrebic in clinical trials and 0.16% (1 of 608) of the cases were fatal. Wernicke’s encephalopathy is a neurologic emergency resulting from thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency. Thiamine levels should be assessed in all patients prior to starting Inrebic, periodically during treatment, and as clinically indicated.1 Do not start Inrebic in patients with thiamine deficiency; replete thiamine prior to treatment initiation. If encephalopathy is suspected, immediately discontinue Inrebic and initiate parenteral thiamine. Monitor until symptoms resolve or improve and thiamine levels normalize.
In the JAKARTA study, serious adverse reactions occurred in 21% of patients treated with Inrebic 400 mg once daily (n=96), with the most common (≥2%) being cardiac failure (5%) and anemia (2%).1 Fatal adverse reactions of cardiogenic shock occurred in 1% of patients.1 Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 14% of patients. The most frequent reasons for permanent discontinuation in ≥2% of patients receiving Inrebic included cardiac failure (3%), thrombocytopenia, myocardial ischemia, diarrhea, and increased blood creatinine (2% each).1
Dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction during the randomized treatment period occurred in 21% of patients who received Inrebic. Adverse reactions requiring dosage interruption in >3% of patients who received Inrebic included diarrhea and nausea. Dosage reductions due to an adverse reaction during the randomized treatment period occurred in 19% of patients who received Inrebic. Adverse reactions requiring dosage reduction in >2% of patients who received Inrebic included anemia (6%), diarrhea (3%), vomiting (3%), and thrombocytopenia (2%).
“Inrebic is a much-welcomed new treatment for the myelofibrosis community,” said Ann Brazeau, Chief Executive Officer and Founder, MPN Advocacy and Education International. “This FDA approval marks an important milestone for people living with myelofibrosis as we embark on making greater strides in the diagnosis, understanding and treatment of this disease.”

Wednesday, May 8, 2019

U.S. FDA Grants Priority Review for Fedratinib New Drug Application in Myelofibrosis

Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ:CELG)   announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the company’s New Drug Application (NDA) for fedratinib and granted a Priority Review. Fedratinib is a highly selective JAK2 inhibitor intended for the treatment of patients with myelofibrosis, a serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts the body’s normal production of blood cells.1 Under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act, the FDA has set its action date as Sept. 3, 2019.
“The acceptance of the NDA and granting of Priority Review for fedratinib represent the first potential new treatment option after many years for patients affected by myelofibrosis.” said Jay Backstrom, M.D., Chief Medical Officer for Celgene. “Patients with myelofibrosis, including the number who are ineligible for or failed existing therapy continues to increase, representing a well-defined unmet medical need. We believe fedratinib can play an important role in the treatment of myelofibrosis and we look forward to working with the FDA as the review process advances.”
The NDA for fedratinib is based on results from a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial (JAKARTA)in patients with primary or secondary myelofibrosis, as well as a single-arm, open-label phase 2 trial (JAKARTA2) in patients with primary or secondary myelofibrosis previously exposed to ruxolitinib, the only FDA-approved treatment for the disease. Results of these two trials have been previously published in peer-reviewed journals. The FDA has also provided fedratinib Orphan Drug designation for the treatment of secondary and primary myelofibrosis.
Celgene also plans to evaluate fedratinib in combination with luspatercept.

Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Ruxolinitib reduces spleen size by 35% in patients with myelofibrosis

In continuation of my ruxolinitib
In a major advance in treatment, a multicenter study found that ruxolinitib did a better job than off-label chemotherapy drugs reducing the terrible symptoms associated with myelofibrosis, including pain, enlarged spleen, anemia, fever, chills, fatigue, and weight loss. 

Only about 10 percent of myelofibrosis patients are eligible for a bone marrow transplant and chemotherapy often falls short, Dr. Mesa says. A handful of off-label chemotherapy drugs have been modestly helpful, he says.
A randomized, double-blind clinical trial, known as the COMFORT-1 study, showed that ruxolinitib reduced spleen size by more than 35 percent in almost all of the 154 patients studied. An enlarged spleen, caused by sequestered over-proliferating blood cells, causes discomfort and can also lead to the need for blood transfusions and further medical complications for patients.

"The studies confirmed the drug is very effective. As a representative of a particular class of molecular inhibitors called JAK2 inhibitors, which are now being widely studied, ruxolinitib suggests this category will continue to be promising for myelofibrosis," Dr. Mesa says.

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