Showing posts with label Enoxaparin. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Enoxaparin. Show all posts

Friday, November 25, 2016

Betrixaban scores near miss for extended thromboprophylaxis


In continuation of my update on enoxaparin

Extended thromboprophylaxis with the direct factor Xa inhibitor betrixaban just fails to show superiority to standard treatment with enoxaparin in acutely ill medical patients.

Betrixaban.svg betrixaban

Indeed, the randomised trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine shows significant results for the overall cohort, but this was prespecified as only an exploratory analysis in the event of a negative result in patients of primary interest: those with elevated ᴅ-dimer levels.

Among these patients, there was a numerical but not statistically significant difference in the primary outcome of asymptomatic proximal deep-vein thrombosis or symptomatic venous thromboembolism. This occurred at a rate of 6.9% in 1914 patients who received subcutaneous placebo for around 10 days plus oral betrixaban (80 mg/day) for 35 to 42 days, and of 8.5% in 1956 who received subcutaneous enoxaparin (40 mg/day) plus oral placebo.
This gave a nonsignificant relative risk of 0.81 in favour of betrixaban, with a confidence interval of 0.65 to 1.00 and a p value of 0.054.

The researchers, Alexander Cohen (Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals, London, UK) and colleagues, anticipated the best chance of a significant treatment effect among the highest-risk patients with elevated ᴅ-dimer levels. Because this did not occur, further analyses, although prespecified, were classed as exploratory.

The first of these analyses extended the population to include patients who were aged at least 75 years. Event rates in this cohort were 5.6% in the 2842 patients given betrixaban versus 7.1% in the 2893 given enoxaparin, equating to a significant relative risk of 0.80 (p=0.03).
And in the overall population, which also included patients with neither elevated ᴅ-dimer nor old age, the rates were 5.3% in the 3112 patients given betrixaban versus 7.0% in the 3174 given enoxaparin, again equating to a significant relative risk of 0.76 (p=0.006).

The primary safety endpoint, of major bleeding, was no more common in the betrixaban than enoxaparin groups, at 0.7% versus 0.6% in the overall population, but clinically relevant non-major bleeding was significantly more common, at 2.5% versus 1.0%.

However, Cohen et al say that these safety results set betrixaban apart from other previously tested drugs, which caused significantly increased major bleeding when used for extended thromboprophylaxis. They note that use of preventive treatment "hinges on the safety of the intervention."

The researchers say that their results overall provide "evidence suggesting a benefit for betrixaban."

They comment that the current trend towards shorter hospital stays may lead to patients receiving inadequate duration of thromboprophylaxis and that being able to extend this with oral treatment "would benefit public health."

Ref :

Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Phase III EINSTEIN trial program: XARELTO reduces risk of DVT and PE

In continuation of my update on Rivaroxaban

The EINSTEIN-PE study was an open-label, randomized, non-inferiority trial. The trial compared oral rivaroxaban – 15 mg twice daily for three weeks, followed by 20 mg once daily – with the current standard of care (enoxaparin followed by a Vitamin K Antagonist [VKA]) in subjects with acute symptomatic PE with or without symptomatic DVT. Patients received treatment for six or 12 months. EINSTEIN-PE enrolled 4,833 participants and is the largest study ever conducted in the acute treatment of PE. 

Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Enoxaparin prevents PVT in advanced cirrhosis

In continuation of my update on Enoxaparin

Enoxaparin (see structure) significantly reduces portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and increases overall survival in patients with advanced cirrhosis, the results of an Italian study show. The authors also found additional benefits beyond the drug's established effect on PVT.

The study included 70 cirrhosis patients with a Child-Pugh score of 7-10, aged 18-75 years who received enoxaparin 4000 IU/day for 48 weeks or no treatment. Patients were followed up for a mean of 58 weeks in the control group and 89 weeks in the enoxaparin group, with ultrasound evaluation of the portal vein system every 3 months.

As reported by the authors, patients receiving enoxaparin were 90% less likely to experience PVT than those who did not. Overall, 8.8% of enoxaparin-treated patients developed PVT compared with 27.7% in the control group, and no cases developed in the enoxaparin group within the first 2 years.

While decompensation occurred at an equal rate in both groups during the follow-up period, significantly fewer patients experienced progression during active treatment (11.7 vs 59.4%).

 Enoxaparin prevents PVT in advanced cirrhosis