Friday, August 9, 2013

Necrostatin-1 counteracts aluminum's neurotoxic effects

we know that, Necrostatin-1 inhibits necroptosis, a non-apoptotic cell death pathway. Inhibits the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential in TNF╬▒-treated Jurkat cells (EC50=490 nM). Does not inhibit FAS-induced apoptosis and has no effect on apoptotic morphology. It displays a pronounced protective effect in a mouse model of ischemic brain injury and inhibits myocardial cell death. Inhibits RIP1 kinase the key upstream kinase involved in the activation of necroptosis (EC50=180nM).

Ivestigators have linked aluminum accumulation in the brain as a possible contributing factor to neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. A new study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience sheds light on the mechanism underlying aluminum-induced neuronal cell death and identifies necrostatin-1 as a substance which counteracts several of aluminum's neurotoxic effects.

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