Sunday, April 26, 2009

Sorafenib and vitamin K combo as anticancer drug against pancreas cancer....

We know that Sorafenib, is a drug approved for the treatment of primary kidney cancer (advanced renal cell carcinoma) and advanced primary liver cancer (heptacellular carcinoma).

Sorafenib is a small molecular inhibitor of several protein kinases. (Protein kinases are overactive in many of the molecular pathways that cause cells to become cancerous. These pathways include Raf kinase, PDGF (platelet-derived growth factor), VEGF receptor and kinases and c Kit the receptor for Stem cell factor. A growing number of drugs target most of these pathways). Sorafenib is unique in targeting the Raf/Mek/Erk pathway. After the FDA (US), approval in 2005 & European Commission in 2006, the drug was used to treat both forms of cancers. Now something interesting has been achieved by Dr. Brian Carr (a professor of Medical Oncology at the Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University). Vitamin K1 or vitamin K2, plus sorafenib (Nexavar) each have shown activity against the growth of human cancer cells by inhibiting the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. The basis for the research lies in the fact that, sorafenib has demonstrated success at extending survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, or primary liver cancer), hand-foot syndrome is a common adverse effect that affects approximately 20 percent of patients who receive the drug. It typically manifests as painful sores on the soles of patients' feet that can prevent the patients from walking, Dr. Carr said. Profound tiredness and weight loss is also seen in at least 30 percent of patients.

The research is of great significance because of the fact that in the pancreas cancer study, Dr. Carr and his colleagues tested each K vitamin in combination with sorafenib in pancreatic cell lines. Each combination inhibited cell growth, induced cell death and decreased the expression of ERK. They found that when combining vitamin K and sorafenib, the sorafenib dose required for inhibiting cancer cell growth decreased by more than 50 percent. The conclusions are really great 1. The dose required is reduced to half; 2. reduced side effects and 3. vitamin an established drug, no need of toxicological studies.... Congrats, Dr. Dr. Brian Carr and group..

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