Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Bafetinib demonstrates significant inhibition of glioblastoma multiforme cell lines (preclinical trials)..

The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)  changed  dramatically with the emergence of the ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) imatinib mesilate. However, primary and secondary imatinib resistance has been frequently reported, particularly in patients with advanced-stage disease. To override imatinib resistance, three second-generation ABL TKIs, i.e., dasatinib, nilotinib and bosutinib, were developed. Bafetinib (see structure source : Chemblink :INNO-406, NS-187) is a dual ABL/Lyn inhibitor developed by the team at Kyoto University Hospital in collaboration with Nippon Shinyaku. 

Bafetinib was 25-55 times more potent than imatinib in blocking BCR/ABL autophosphorylation, while otherwise retaining specificity for ABL and Lyn. Bafetinib had antiproliferative effects against cells bearing wild-type or most mutated BCR/ABL proteins, except T315I, and also inhibited BCR/ABL-positive leukemic cell growth in the central nervous system. A phase I study on bafetinib was completed and the agent was well tolerated and demonstrated clinical activity across a range of doses. Responses occurred even in the setting of a heavily pretreated population, thus making bafetinib a viable option for CML therapy.

Recently  CytRx Corporation, announced that its drug candidate bafetinib (formerly known as INNO-406) demonstrated statistically significant inhibition of glioblastoma multiforme cell lines in a preclinical trial. The company believe that bafetinib could be efficacious in several hematological cancers and  it is  preparing to begin evaluating bafetinib in a Phase 2 proof-of-concept clinical trial in high-risk B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) this quarter, as well as a Phase 2 clinical trial in advanced prostate cancer next quarter.... 

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