Amgen announced THE pooled data from two pivotal Phase 3, global, randomized, placebo-controlled trials evaluating AMG 416, a novel calcimimetic, for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving hemodialysis. Both studies met the primary endpoint, demonstrating that a greater proportion of patients in the AMG 416 groups achieved a greater than 30 percent reduction in parathyroid hormone (PTH) during the Efficacy Assessment Phase compared with placebo. The data were presented today at the 52nd ERA-EDTA Congress in London.
"Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a complex and challenging condition that can be difficult to manage, as it may require patients to take demanding drug regimens multiple times a day," said John Cunningham, lead author of the studies, professor of Nephrology at the University College London Medical School and consultant physician at The Royal Free Hospital, London. "Providing patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis with a calcimimetic that can be administered intravenously on the same schedule as dialysis has the potential to fulfill an unmet need in this patient population."
AMG 416 is a novel calcimimetic agent in clinical development for the treatment of SHPT in patients with CKD who are receiving hemodialysis. In the registrational programs, AMG 416 is administered intravenously at the end of dialysis. AMG 416 acts by binding to and activating the calcium-sensing receptor on the parathyroid gland, thereby causing decreases in PTH. Sustained elevations in PTH are known to lead to significant clinical consequences for patients with CKD.
In the two Phase 3 placebo-controlled studies, an aggregate of 1,023 patients with moderate-to-severe SHPT (PTH greater than 400 pg/mL) on hemodialysis were randomized to receive intravenous AMG 416 or placebo three times a week. The primary endpoint of both studies was the proportion of patients achieving greater than 30 percent reduction in PTH during the Efficacy Assessment Phase, defined as weeks 20 through 27. Secondary endpoints included the proportion of patients with PTH less than or equal to 300 pg/mL, and percent reductions in PTH, albumin adjusted calcium (cCa), phosphate (P) and cCa x P. In the AMG 416 group, 74.7 percent of patients achieved a greater than 30 percent reduction from baseline in PTH compared with 8.9 percent in the placebo arm.