LUME-Lung 1 (Nintedanib + docetaxel) trial patients’ reports of symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) support the use of second-line nintedanib for the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Initial findings from the phase III trial demonstrated that the angiokinase inhibitor plus docetaxel offered significantly better progression-free survival for patients with advanced NSCLC, including subpopulations with adenocarcinoma, than placebo plus docetaxel, explain Silvia Novello (University of Turin, Italy) and co-authors in theEuropean Journal of Cancer.
For the current study, the team used a battery of tests to compare patient-reported outcomes on day 1 of each 21-day treatment cycle, at the end of treatment and at the first follow-up visit for the two treatment groups.
Over 80% of the 655 nintedanib-treated patients and 659 of controls completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core QoL Questionnaire and its lung cancer supplement, with 70% doing so at the end of treatment.
Baseline health and QoL were comparable for the nintedanib and placebo groups with relatively good scores and a low burden of lung cancer-specific symptoms, such as cough and pain.
The patient groups also had comparable time to deterioration for cough, pain and dyspnoea, although patients given nintedanib had a significantly shorter time to development of the gastrointestinal symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and decreased appetite.
Similarly, the 322 patients with adenocarcinoma histology given nintedanib alongside docetaxel had a similar time to deterioration of lung cancer symptoms as the 336 given placebo, with a small benefit in global health and QoL with nintedanib detected but this did not reach significance.