Alkaloid, Flavonoids, Sterols, Terpenoids, Anthraquinones, Proteins and Phenols, glycosides including momordin, charantosides, glycosides, momordicosides, goyaglycosides and other terpenoid compounds that include momordicin-28, momordicinin, momordicilin, momordenol, and momordol.
Medicinal Uses of Bitter gourd Leaves
Bitter gourd leaves are used to treat variety of diseases such as diabetes, piles, respiratory ailments, cholera, viral diseases and skin eruptions. Below is listed few such time-tested home remedies. These are simple, reliable and inexpensive. Even modern studies also support these traditional treatments.
Take about six tablespoon of the chopped bitter gourd leaves and two glass of water. Boil leaves in water for approximately 15 minutes. Do not cover the vessel.
Allow it to cool and then strain. Drink 1/3 cup of it thrice a day.
This leaf decoction is found to be very effective in the management of diabetes type 2. On regular intake, this keeps blood sugar in control.
Common home remedy is to extract three teaspoonful juice from clean bitter melon leaves and mix this with a glassful of buttermilk. This should be taken every morning for about a month on empty stomach. Topically leaves paste can be applied over the haemorrhoids.
Intake of 10-15 ml juice of Karela leaves is useful in diarrhoea and early stage of cholera.
Asthma, bronchitis, common colds, pharyngitis
Bitter melon leaves paste is mixed with equal amounts of the paste of tulsi/Basil leaves.
This should be taken with honey each morning. This can also be taken as preventive medicine for respiratory problems.
Drinking 10-15 ml juice of Karela leaves is beneficial in arthritis.
Ascite (gastroenterological term for an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity)
Extract 10-15 ml juice of leaves and add some honey and drink.
In Hepatitis, the leaves juice of bitter gourd is useful. Extract 10-15 ml juice of bitter gourd leaves and mix some big chebulic myroblan powder and drink.
Intestinal parasites, pox, measles, Pneumonia
Drinking 10-15 ml juice of Karela leaves is useful.
Boils, burns and other skin eruptions
The dried and powdered bitter gourd leaves can be applied topically on affected areas.
Burning sensation in hands and feet
Bitter gourd juice is applied topically in burning sensation in hands and feet.
Bitter melon leaves are good source of vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin B.